'Allies Are A Tiresome Lot'

The British Army in Italy in the First World War

John Dillon

The year 2014 saw the start of four years of centenaries associated with the First World War. In the decades since that conflict ended the war has been characterized as ‘senseless' and ‘futile'. In more recent years revisionist historians have attempted to ‘correct' this portrayal. Using official documents and reports, as well as the personal lette
Date Published :
October 2015
Publisher :
Helion and Company
Language:
English
Series :
Wolverhampton Military Studies
Illustration :
approx. 15 b/w photos, 6 tables, 3 b/w maps
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Hardback
ISBN : 9781910777329
Pages : 216
Dimensions : 9 X 6 inches
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In stock
$69.95

Overview
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The year 2014 saw the start of four years of centenaries associated with the First World War. In the decades since that conflict ended there have been many books, plays, films and television programs which have variously characterized the war as ‘senseless’ and ‘futile’. In more recent years revisionist historians have attempted to ‘correct’ this portrayal; it was a war that Britain had to be join to thwart German hegemonic ambitions, and British soldiers were not needlessly sacrificed on the wire of Flanders by Chateau Generals. Whether the reader prefers the Blackadder or the revisionist learning curve narrative of the war, it is invariably viewed through the prism of the Western Front. In so doing the war becomes a north-European event rather than one of global scope, with the mud of Passchendaele as the paradigm for the experience of all British soldiers.

Although Italy lost as many men as Britain (as a percentage of the population), its perceived status as the least of the Great Powers may account for its near absence from British histories of the war. This book details the steps by which Italy became a belligerent alongside Britain and France, rather than remain an ally of Germany and Austria-Hungary within the Triple Alliance. However, having elected to fight with the Entente – but not declaring war on Germany until 1916 – Italy effectively waged a ‘separate’ war, much to the frustration of the Allies. Then, in October 1917, the Italians suffered a crushing defeat when the Austro-German assault at Caporetto smashed the Isonzo front; now the British and the French had to send divisions from Flanders to support their southern ally.

Using official documents and reports, as well as the personal letters and accounts of individual soldiers, this book draws out the demonstrable differences in the experience of those Tommies who fought on the Western and Italian fronts. But Italian military and political leaders did not make it easy for their allies to work alongside them. In the words of Sir William Robertson, ‘Allies are a tiresome lot’, and this account outlines why, for him and Sir Douglas Haig, their Latin ally fell into that camp.

Following the war, and the coming to power of Mussolini and the Fascists, Italian military historians were perceived by their British colleagues to have overemphasized their own country’s achievements, while playing down those of their British and French allies. This, and their alliance on the side of Germany in the Second World War, may also account for Italy’s near absence from British histories of the Great War. This book turns a spotlight on a theater of the war away from the Western Front; it broadens the narrative beyond the mud and flat farmland of Flanders and recognizes the experience of those who fought and fell so much closer to Venice than to Ypres.

About The Author
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John Dillon was born in Sheffield in 1945. After a 13-year career in the RAF - some of them as a navigator on Vulcan bombers - he left the service in 1976; the following 30 years were spent in the computer industry. Early retirement in 2005 was an opportunity to study for a History degree at Reading and a subsequent PhD. Following his first book, Allies are a Tiresome Lot. The British Army in Italy in the First World War (Helion, 2015), he has spent time researching the war experience of the York & Lancaster Regiment. John and his wife live in Berkshire, where retirement allows time for his photography, military history interests and travelling abroad.

REVIEWS
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“This is a well-structured book, combining academic rigour with a leavening of the human element, and informed by judicious viewing of the ground and how a ‘forgotten’ front was and is commemorated. Another Helion success.”

- Newsletter of the Society of Friends of the National Army Museum

“ … This is a serious work, well researched and presented. He draws on a plethora of primary source material to provide not only the strategic perspective but also the soldier’s narrative, weaving in many firsthand accounts into his writing. Helion has maintained its high standard of quality with the production value of this work.”

- War History Online

“ … A useful and readable contribution to the literature on the Great War…”

- Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research

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