Monte Cassino January–May 1944

The Legend of the Green Devils

Angelos Mansolas

In early 1944, the Allies attempted to break through the German defences in Central Italy in a series of separate assaults, aiming to reach and conquer Rome. The assaults, on the rocky hill of Monte Cassino, ended up as one of the longest and deadliest engagements ever fought on European soil.
Date Published :
August 2017
Publisher :
Fonthill Media
Illustration :
Color and B&W
Binding. : Hardback
ISBN : 9781781556023
Pages : 176
Dimensions : 9.25 X 6.15 inches
Stock Status : Out of stock


In early 1944, two Allied armies were ready to launch a massive assault against German forces in central Italy so they could then march northwards to Rome. There were three routes available to get there. The fastest one passed through the Liri valley, but the entrance was blocked by the rugged Monte Cassino massif, with its hilltop medieval monastery and the town below. In front of them ran the Gustav Line: the most formidably constructed defensive line the Western Allies would ever come up against. The second possible route would be to outflank the Gustav Line to reach the valley, but they would then also have to capture the innumerable rough peaks and ridges along the massif, on a treacherous terrain that only favored the defenders. The third and final option would be to breach the Gustav Line directly in front of the town, which would mean engaging in costly house-to-house fighting until they dug out the very last of the stubborn German paratroopers lurking beneath the rubble. They decided to try all three, but none of them were easy, and all proved deadly.

About The Author

Angelos Mansolas was born in 1962, in Athens, Greece. Interested in aviation from an early age, he served for 30 years as a Communications Technician in the Hellenic Air Force, retiring in 2012 with the rank of Flight Lieutenant. He is a dedicated military aviation researcher and has worked as author and aircraft colour-profile artist for several Greek-language history magazines, writing articles and monographs; he currently works for Greek magazine ‘Military History’. He specializes in Byzantine History, American Civil War, Military Aviation and the battles of the First and Second World Wars.

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