Terror and Response

The India-Pakistan Proxy War, 2008-2019

Sanjay Badri-Maharaj, Everton Pedroza

For decades Pakistan has orchestrated a campaign of state-sponsored terrorism in India and elsewhere abroad. It bombed trains in Mumbai in 2006, conducted a series of outrageous attacks on the city in 2008, and has launched dozens of minor attacks on the Indian security services in Kahsmir and elsewhere.
Date Published :
October 2022
Publisher :
Helion and Company
Series :
Illustration :
90 b/w photos, 21 color profiles, 3 maps
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Binding. : Paperback
ISBN : 9781804510155
Pages : 96
Dimensions : 11.75 X 8.25 inches
Stock Status : Not Yet Published. Available for Pre-Order


In February 2019, the Indian Air Force struck at targets in Pakistan in retaliation for a terrorist attack on a convoy of the Indian Central Reserve Police Force in Kashmir. The next day, Pakistan retaliated in an inconclusive air battle. These were the most recent actions in a conflict between the two nuclear powers. Terror and Response examines the genesis of this conflict, going back to the partition of the Indian subcontinent and the subsequent violence and examines the conflict over Kashmir since it flared up in earnest in 1987 after rigged elections. Pakistan’s jihadi groups are examined, as is their role and the support provided by the ISI and the de facto protection conferred by the United States.

The turning point for India’s response started with the Mumbai attacks of 2008. This attack is detailed with its attendant rage within India, the capture of a Pakistani national and the subsequent failure of Pakistan to apprehend or in any way assist in reigning in its proxies.

The increasing push for a harsher line against Pakistan and its support for these groups is examined. Terror and Response explores the attempts at reconciliation between 2011 and 2017 and explores how each of these events has been stymied by terror attacks. The attacks on Uri and Pathankot finally spurring an Indian military response.

The surgical strikes that followed Uri are examined in detail with Pakistan’s move to hide results by clever control of the media and its selective approach to revealing information. This approach was magnified many times over following the Pulwama attack of 2019 and the Indian retaliation thereafter. Terror and Response examines the evidence for each side’s claims and presents analysis thereof.

Finally, Terror and Response explores India’s complete alteration of the legal status quo by its actions to neutralize the effects of Article 370 of the Indian constitution which has now fully integrated the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir into India and created two new Union Territories.

About The Author

Sanjay Badri-Maharaj from Trinidad, received his MA and PhD from the Department of War Studies, Kings College London. His thesis was on India’s Nuclear Weapons Program. He has written and published extensively, including two books – The Armageddon Factor: Nuclear Weapons in the India-Pakistan Context (2000) and Indian Nuclear Strategy: Confronting the Potential Nuclear Threat from both Pakistan and China (2018). He has served as a consultant to the Ministry of National Security in Trinidad and was a visiting International Fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi. This is his first instalment for Helion.

Everton Pedroza, from Brazil, has a degree in industrial design and works in the financial sector. He has developed interest in military aviation in the late 1990s and has published numerous articles online for sites such as Blog do Poder Aéreo, Warfare, Velho General, and others. Since 2019, he has been involved in intensive study of the Indian Air Force’s air strike on the terrorist camp in Balakot. This is his first book.

More from this publisher