The Oder Front 1945

Volume 1 - Generaloberst Gotthard Heinrici, Heeresgruppe Weichsel and Germany's Final Defense in the East, 20 March-4 May 1945

A. Stephan Hamilton

Date Published :
August 2017
Publisher :
Helion and Company
Illustration :
100 b/w photos & documents, 21 b/w maps, 64 pages of color maps
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Binding. : Hardback
ISBN : 9781906033873
Pages : 416
Dimensions : 12 X 8.75 inches
Stock Status : Available
Binding. : Paperback
ISBN : 9781912174218
Pages : 394
Dimensions : 11 X 8.5 inches
Stock Status : Available


Nazi Germany's fall is regularly depicted through the dual images of Adolf Hitler directing the final battle for Berlin from his claustrophobic Führerbunker, and the subsequent Soviet victory immortalized by the flying of the 'Hammer and Sickle' over the burnt-out Reichstag. This popular view, that Germany's last battle of World War II was a deliberate, yet fatalistic, defense of Berlin planned and conducted by Hitler, is largely a historically inaccurate depiction that fits a popularized characterization of the Third Reich's end.

Germany's final battle began when Generaloberst Gotthard Heinrici took command of Heeresgruppe Weichsel (Army Group Vistula) on 20 March 1945, not when the massive Soviet offensive intended to capture Berlin was launched on 16 April. Heinrici, not Hitler, decided that there was only one strategic course left for Germany-hold the Soviets back along the Oder Front long enough to entice the Western Allies across the Elbe River. Heinrici knew two things: the war was lost and what remained of Germany was destined for postwar Soviet occupation. His intent was that a protracted defense along the Oder Front would force General Eisenhower to order the Western Allies into the postwar Soviet Zone of Occupation outlined in the Top Secret Allied Plan known as 'Eclipse', thereby sparing millions of Germans in the east the dismal fate of Soviet vengeance everyone knew was at hand. Berlin, Heinrici ordered, would not be defended. The capital of Germany would not become another 'Stalingrad' as Heinrici told his subordinates. A decision by OKW on 23 April to defend Berlin in a final decisive battle forced Heinrici into direct conflict with his superiors over the conduct of operations along the Oder Front -a conflict that undermined his capability to defend against the Soviets and ultimately cost Heinrici his command.

In a companion volume to his successful and highly-regarded study of the Soviet assault on the city of Berlin, Bloody Streets, author A. Stephan Hamilton describes the planning and execution of the defense of the Oder Front, reconstructing it day-by-day using previously unpublished personal diaries, postwar interviews, Heeresgruppe Weichsel's war diary and daily command phone logs. Operations of the 3.Panzer Armee, 9.Armee, 12.Armee, and 21.Armee are covered in detail, with their unit movements depicted on over 60 wartime operational maps. The narrative is supported by an extensive selection of appendices, including translations of postwar narratives relating to Heeresgruppe Weichsel penned by senior German officers, biographical notes on notable officers of the Heeresgruppe, and highly detailed orders of battles. In addition to a number of b/w photographs, this study features 64 pages of operational maps reproduced in full color.

About The Author

Aaron Stephen Hamilton has spent the last twenty-five years researching and analyzing the final year of military conflict during World War II in Europe. He is an academically trained historian who holds a Bachelors and Master's degree in History, as well as the Field Historian designator awarded by the U.S. Army's Combat Studies Institute. His multi-volume, The Oder Front 1945 became the basis for the U.S. Army Europe's first Staff Ride and Battle Book regarding the battle of the Seelow Heights.


"Historical accuracy comes from exhaustive research and a deft writer’s hand. Hamilton’s The Oder Front, 1945 will prove to be the definitive work on the little-understood Nazi defense outside the gates of the German capital. Not a “what if” missive, but a “what was hoped” and “what transpired” book, this is a detailed presentation of a desperate and forlorn struggle. This is a perfect companion to the author’s Bloody Streets: The Soviet Assault on Berlin, April 1945.”"

- Doug McCabe, Curator of the Cornelius Ryan Collection of World War II Papers, Ohio University

“Hamilton, who availed himself of numerous primary sources such as German war diaries, contemporary accounts, situation maps and individual testimonies, has woven an enormous amount of information into an engrossing work that will interest both military historians and laymen. Aside from revealing Heinrici’s true intentions for waging the final defensive battle in Europe, The Oder Front 1945 will also shed light on how shockingly far the military prowess of the Third Reich’s armies had declined in the six years since the war began. A. Stephan Hamilton has written a great book that deserves a space on every military historian’s bookshelf - the fact that the Battle for Berlin was a bloodbath is well known; what is not is how this tragedy was nearly avoided due to the efforts of one man, until now.”

- Douglas E. Nash Sr., author of Hell’s Gate: the Battle of the Cherkassy Pocket January–February 1944 (2002) and Victory Was Beyond Their Grasp: With the 272nd Volks-Grenadier Division from the Hürtgen Forest to the Heart of the Reich (2008), nominated for the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Non-Fiction.

“The second book written by A. Stephan Hamilton, author of Bloody Streets: The Soviet Assault on Berlin, April 1945, is an excellent work which is a fine example of comprehensive and extensive research using primary resources to tell a story that is not well known, even among World War II scholars … Hamilton has provided an excellent account of Heinrici’s command of Heeresgruppe Weichsel and its operations during the last chaotic weeks of the Third Reich, as well as the immensely complex theater of military and civilian politics, local intrigues and personal power struggles that were the stage upon which this fascinating story unfolds. It is an exceptional story, masterfully researched and will be of great interest not only to Eastern Front enthusiasts, but scholars and students of all areas of study of World War II.”

- George M. Nipe, author of Decision in the Ukraine, Summer 1943 (1996), Last Victory in Russia: The SS Panzerkorps and Manstein’s Kharkov Counteroffensive, Feb-March 1943 (2000), Platz der Leibstandarte: The SS Panzer-Grenadier Division “LSSAH” and the Battle of Kharkov January-March 1943 (2002) and Blood, Steel, Myth: The II SS Panzer-Korps and the Road to Prochorowka (forthcoming)

“Stephan Hamilton’s The Oder Front 1945 is partly based on previously unpublished material. This is the most extensive book in English in its field that provides a wealth of new information about the … end of Nazi-Germany. The massive amount of first-hand accounts, memoirs, documents and war diaries shed light on many less-known operations conducted by the German … military forces and the desperate fight for Berlin … Through day-to-day reports and detailed maps, the reader gains a full overview of the battles and all units involved in the fighting. Masterfully written – Hamilton’s way of writing the history of ‘the Downfall’ is exemplary in every way and will leave few untouched!”

- Martin Månsson, author of Heinrich Himmler: A Photographic Chronicle of Hitler’s Reichsführer-SS (2004), and SS Panzer Aufklärungs Abteilung 11: The Swedish SS Platoon in the Battles for the Baltics, Pomerania and Berlin 1943-45 (with Herbert Poller and Lennart Westberg, 2010)

“This is a fine study of the fighting on the Oder Front…the extensive use of primary sources, many of which were previously unpublished, is particularly impressive.”

- Military Modelcraft International

“ … this book offers anyone looking into this chaotic period a superb guide on the subject. It conveys well how this general, despite the seemingly hopeless struggle, remained committed to achieve one of Stalin’s driving fears; the Western allies reaching Berlin before he did.”

- Argunners Magazine

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