Lebanese Civil War

Volume 2 - Quiet Before the Storm, 1978-1981

Tom Cooper, Efim Sandler

Largely based on new research and containing previously unpublished material, the highly successful Lebanese Civil War mini-series provides an in-depth insight into a complex, multi-facetted conflict, and an inclusive and balanced, blow-by-blow account of all the known actions in the air, on the ground, and at sea.
Date Published :
December 2021
Publisher :
Helion and Company
Series :
Middle East@War
Illustration :
83 b/w photos, 12pp color plates, 34 color profiles, 4 maps, 2 tables
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Binding. : Paperback
ISBN : 9781914377150
Pages : 82
Dimensions : 11.75 X 8.25 inches
Stock Status : Available


Once known as the ‘Switzerland of the Middle East’, an island of economic stability and social progress, Lebanon was shattered by a civil war that raged from 1975 until 1990. While Volume 1 of this mini-series concentrated on the conflict pitting the central government against different factions and alliances of Christians, Sunni and Shi’a Moslems, leftists, and the Israeli and Syrian armed forces from its beginning in 1975 until the Israeli Operation Stone of Wisdom (or Operation Litani) in 1978, Volume 2 continues with the period from 1978 until 1981.

With its armed forces of a size comparable to that of the strength of the active components of the contemporary US Army and led by politicians pursuing aggressive intentions towards its northern neighbor, Israel gradually established itself in control over much of southern Lebanon and all of Lebanese airspace. In turn, Syria found itself facing not only a growing insurgency and unrest at home, but also strong opposition inside Lebanon. Moreover, a seemingly endless series of air battles with the Israeli air force exposed a growing technological gap with its primary opponent, forcing it to deploy ever larger contingents of its air defenses into Lebanon. After almost culminating in a major war in 1981, the situation was defused through international pressure: nominally at least, a relatively quiet period was to follow before the next storm.

Focusing on military-related developments, and containing much exclusive detail and specially commissioned illustrations, Volume 2 of Lebanese Civil War dissects the military forces of Israel, Syria and the many Lebanese militias, their equipment, intentions and capabilities, and provides a detailed, blow-by-blow account of combat operations into 1981.

About The Author

Tom Cooper is an Austrian aerial warfare analyst and historian. Following a career in worldwide transportation business – during which he established a network of contacts in the Middle East and Africa – he moved into narrow-focus analysis and writing on small, little-known air forces and conflicts, about which he has collected extensive archives. This has resulted in specialization in such Middle Eastern air forces as of those of Egypt, Iran, Iraq, and Syria, plus various African and Asian air forces. Except for authoring and co-authoring more than 30 books - including about a dozen of titles for Helion’s @War series - and over 1000 articles, Cooper is a regular correspondent for multiple defense-related publications.


"If you want to set up a mini-campaign for control of Lebanon, these Middle East at War booklets can help sort through the alphabet soup of factions and provide an overview to get the political militias and forces into focus."

- Historical Miniatures Gaming Society

"...will be of interest to both modelers and military historians alike."

- AMPS Indianapolis

"Each section goes into deep detail on the environment was like leading up to war during the combative build up of militias and regular military troops."


"...another very enjoyable read about a conflict that often gets lost in the mists of history."

- ModelingMadness.Com

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