Major General James A. Ulio

How the Adjutant General of the U.S. Army Enabled Allied Victory

Alan E Mesches

The first full biography of James Ulio, the adjutant general of the U.S. Army in WorldWar II.
Date Published :
August 2020
Publisher :
Illustration :
15 photographs
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Binding. : Hardback
ISBN : 9781612008264
Pages : 216
Dimensions : 9 X 6 inches
Stock Status : In stock
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The first full biography of James Ulio, the adjutant general of the U.S. Army in WorldWar II.

Major General James A. Ulio helped win World War II, though his war was fought from the desk. As adjutant-general throughout the war years, many American families would have recognized his name from one of nearly 900,000 telegrams he signed—all of which began with the words: "…regret to inform you...” However, his role was far wider than overseeing these sad communications.

Ulio faced the task of building an Army large enough to fight wars in Europe, North Africa and the Pacific. Through his efforts, the Army increased in size from around 200,000 soldiers to eight million—in less than five years. He advocated and navigated around lowering the draft age to eighteen. He led and oversaw training efforts that quickly and efficiently prepared soldiers. The general correctly projected that those methods would be a positive outcome of the war. His team identified the appropriate allocation for incoming troops. In order to field sufficient troops to ensure an Allied victory, Ulio had to address and challenge commonly held beliefs on race and gender. It was his order in 1944 that ended segregation on military transportation and in recreational facilities on Army posts.

In many ways, Ulio became the face of the Army during the war, through radio addresses, newspaper interviews, and public appearances. He served as troop morale booster, advocate, and cheerleader for the war effort. Finally, he led demobilization planning to bring home millions of soldiers after the war, transitioning them back into civilian life.

The son of an immigrant career soldier, General Ulio grew up on Army posts and had an eleventh-grade education. A West Point alternate, Ulio enlisted as a private in the U.S. Army in 1900. In 1904, he earned his commission as a lieutenant, and served in France during World War I. Without a college degree, he graduated from the Army's Command and Staff School and the Army War College and five colleges would eventually award him honorary doctorates. Ulio’s military career spanned 45 years and he served as military aide to two presidents. This biography sets Ulio’s achievements in context and explores the magnitude of his part in facilitating an Allied victory World War II.

About The Author

Alan E. Mesches from Gowanda, New York, earned a BA in political science from Grove City College and an MS in journalism from Ohio University. Mesches served in the Air Force as a public affairs officer. He worked for Procter and Gamble, Johnson & Johnson, Dr Pepper/Seven Up, Coca-Cola, and Naturally Fresh, Inc. He retired from Naturally Fresh as vice president foodservice distributor sales and marketing and has since dedicated himself to research and writing. As part of the research for his first book, Major General James A. Ulio, he successful campaigned to have Ulio inducted to the Adjutant Generals’ Corps Hall of Fame. Mesches resides in Frisco, Texas.


1. Ulio’s Early Years
2. From World War I up to World War II
3. The Role of the Adjutant General
4. The Telegram
5. V-Mail
6. Juggling the Generals
7. Facing up to Prejudice in the Army
8. Women in the Army
9. On the Home Front
10. Completion of a Career

Epilogue: Today’s Adjutant-General


"Mesches’ research overwhelmingly demonstrates that the general was a transformational leader, that he significantly reinterpreted and expanded the roles and responsibilities of the Army’s Adjutant General Corps, and in many ways, was a secret weapon in the success of the Army during World War II as well as today."

- Military Review

“Alan’s well-researched biography of General Ulio honors the Army Adjutant General responsible for expanding and administering services to soldiers and their families during World War II.  Ulio was the officer responsible for sending notices to families about the status of their sons and daughters. He was a soldier’s general who understood the needs of privates and the duties of officers in caring for them. Ulio did this in a prejudicial society, which questioned the roles of gays, African Americans, and women in military service.  I applaud Alan’s dedication to proclaiming General Ulio’s achievements. “Hooah!”

- Allen Mesch, educator and historian, author of “Teacher of Civil War Generals” and “Preparing for Disunion.”

"A very good work for anyone interested in how armies are organized and managed."

- The NYMAS Review

"...a singularly important addition World War II military histories and memoirs -- bringing out of obscurity one of the critically important positions that helped win the war and the man who filled it so capably."

- Midwest Book Review

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