Nazi Occupation Policies in the East, 1939–1944

Nazi Occupation Policies in the East, 1939–1944

Dr Antonio J Muñoz

Date Published :
June 2023
Publisher :
Casemate Academic
Illustration :
B&W and color illustrations
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Binding. : Hardback
ISBN : 9781952715204
Pages : 576
Dimensions : 6 X 9 inches
Stock Status : Not Yet Published. Available for Pre-Order


When Adolf Hitler ordered the invasion of Poland in 1939, he was following a plan which he had outlined many years earlier in Mein Kampf. Hitler’s dream of creating Lebensraum—living space—for the German people required the conquest of the East: Poland. In 1941, the Führer expanded that goal further with the invasion of the Soviet Union. By the fall of 1941, almost 85 million Soviet citizens—nearly half the population—were living under German occupation, while in Poland, the Germans ruled about 34 million Poles.

The people who lived in these eastern regions of Europe were considered Untermensch, subhuman, by the Nazi racial theorists. The policies which the Third Reich imposed on these mostly Slavic peoples in the East therefore, were meant to terrorize and subjugate about 119 million human beings. The eventual goal was to exterminate the Jewish population, but also to wipe out a large portion of the larger population, either directly by killing them, or indirectly by starving and working them to death. In this way, the Nazis would create the available land for German colonization that Hitler decreed was necessary.

This comprehensive study covers German rule in Poland, the Baltic States, Belorussia, Ukraine, and Russia, looking at the formations and locations of the German occupation forces, as well as describing the rise of resistance to that occupation. It includes a full analysis of the policies that the Nazis employed in their attempt at empire building in the East, and the causes for its failure.

About The Author

Dr Antonio J. Muñoz lives in New York City. He is a professor of history at Farmingdale State College in Long Island, New York. He is married, has two daughters and two grandchildren. His last work, published in 2018, covered the history of the German Secret Field Police in Greece, 1941–1944.


Introduction – The Debate Over German Criminality in the East

1. German preparations for and the invasion of Poland
2. Garrisoning Poland
3. Complicity in atrocities by the German army, SS & police forces in Poland
4. The guerrilla war in Poland
5. The Warsaw Uprising
6. German preparations for invading and occupying the USSR
7. Organization for occupation: The Ostland (Baltic) & Belorussian regions
8. Operations and practices in the Baltic States & North Russia
9. Reinforcements and Reorganization in the East
10. Collaboration in White Russia
11. The Partisan War in the Rear of Army Group North, 1941-1942
12. The War Against the Jews in the Baltic States
13. The Soviet Partisan Movement in Belorussia in 1942
14. The War against the Jews and Partisans in White Russia in 1942
15. The Soviet Partisan Movement in White Russia in 1943
16. Major Anti-Partisan Operations, 1943
17. Anti-Partisan Forces and SS Killing Units in the Ukraine
18. Anti-Partisan Operations in the Rear Area Commands in Ukraine
19. Rear Area Operations in the region of Army Group South
20. 1943–1944: The Beginning of the End

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