Sheffield's Military Legacy

Gerry van Tonder

 
Date Published :
March 2018
Publisher :
Pen and Sword
Language:
English
Series :
Military Legacy
Illustration :
80 b/w & 40 color images
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Paperback
ISBN : 9781526707628
Pages : 128
Dimensions : 9 X 6 inches
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In stock
$29.95

Overview
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In the century following the Norman invasion, a castle was built at the confluence of the rivers Sheaf and Don, an early recognition of Sheffield’s strategic importance. Destroyed in the thirteenth century during the Second Barons’ War, a second castle was built on the site, but in 1647, it was ordered to be demolished immediately after the cessation of the Civil War, thereby negating any future tactical use by either Parliamentarian or Royalist.

Steel production and downstream manufacturing would, however, be perpetually embedded in the military legacy of this seat of industrial innovation and production. The Vickers steel foundry was established in Sheffield in 1828\. Following the manufacture of the factory’s first artillery in 1890, Sheffield expanded to find itself a leading supplier in the First World War, feeding the military with shells, artillery, naval guns, armor plating, aircraft parts, torpedoes, helmets and bayonets. Sheffield’s contribution to the British war machine in the Second World War quickly attracted the attention of Nazi Germany. In December 1940, in an operation appropriately code-named Schmelztiegel, or Crucible, Sheffield suffered two major raids aimed primarily at steel and munitions factories.

A proud tradition of answering a call to the colors spawned the 84th Regiment of Foot, the Loyal Independent Sheffield Volunteers of the 1700s, the Hallamshire Rifle Volunteers raised in 1859, and the Sheffield Squadron, Yeomanry Cavalry. The 1899–1902 Anglo-Boer War would also have an enduring legacy: the Sheffield Wednesday football stadium was named Spioen Kop, while local road names include Ladysmith Avenue and Mafeking Place. On 1 July 1916, the Sheffield City Battalion fought in an heroic and costly, but hopeless, action on the Somme to capture the village of Serre. Through the Second World War right up to Afghanistan, Sheffield’s men and women in uniform have not been found wanting.

Sheffield’s rich military legacy portrayed in this publication is drawn from a cross section of representative units, home and foreign actions, uniformed personalities, barracks at the hub of musters, the caliber of gallantry – including six Victoria Crosses – as well as the immortality of names on memorials, such as the Sheffield Memorial Park in France.

About The Author
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Born in Southern Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe, historian and author Gerry van Tonder came to Britain in 1999\. Specializing in military history, Gerry has authored Rhodesian Combined Forces Roll of Honour 1966–1981; Book of Remembrance: Rhodesia Native Regiment and Rhodesian African Rifles; North of the Red Line (on the South African border war), and the co-authored definitive Rhodesia Regiment 1899–1981\. Gerry presented a copy of the latter to the regiment’s former colonel-in-chief, Her Majesty the Queen. Gerry writes extensively for several Pen & Sword military history series including ‘Cold War 1945–1991’, ‘Military Legacy’ (focusing on the heritage of British cities), ‘Echoes of the Blitz’ and ‘A History of Terror’.

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