Sweden’s War in Muscovy, 1609-1617

Sweden’s War in Muscovy, 1609-1617

The Relief of Moscow and Conquest of Novgorod

Michael Fredholm von Essen

The Swedish campaign in Muscovy of 1609-1610 and the Ingrian War between Sweden and Muscovy of 1610-1617 took place during Russia's Time of Troubles.
Date Published :
April 2023
Publisher :
Helion and Company
Series :
From Retinue to Regiment
Illustration :
c 60 b/w illustrations and maps, 8pp color illustrations
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Binding. : Paperback
ISBN : 9781804510087
Pages : 196
Dimensions : 9.75 X 7 inches
Stock Status : Not Yet Published. Available for Pre-Order


The book describes and analyses the Swedish campaign in Muscovy of 1609-1610 and the Ingrian War between Sweden and Muscovy of 1610-1617, both of which took place during Russia’s Time of Troubles. Faced with a serious threat from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Moscow entered into an alliance with Sweden and ultimately offered the crown to young Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. First, a Swedish expeditionary force under Jacob De la Gardie marched to Moscow in order to save Muscovy from a Polish-Lithuanian invasion army. However, De la Gardie and the Muscovites were defeated in the battle of Klushino. Later, Sweden conquered Novgorod. While the representatives of Gustavus Adolphus ruled Muscovy from Novgorod, a coup in Moscow led to the assumption of power of the first Tsar of the Romanov dynasty. Sweden accordingly went to war against Muscovy: the Ingrian War, in which Gustavus Adolphus laid siege to Pskov. The war ended with the 1617 Treaty of Stolbovo, in which Muscovy ceded key territories to Sweden while Sweden recognized the House of Romanov as rulers of Muscovy. For Sweden, the Treaty of Stolbovo has been described as the most successful peace ever negotiated with Muscovy or Russia. For Muscovy, the Treaty signified the ascension of the House of Romanov. For both countries, the war led to significant military reforms that, in time, would make both the Swedish and Muscovite military establishments forces to be reckoned with. For Gustavus Adolphus, who arrived in 1614 personally to take command of the Swedish war effort, the war in Muscovy proved a significant step on his path to become a successful commander in the subsequent Thirty Years’ War. Michael Fredholm von Essen presents new research on two wars previously seldom described in English. Moreover, the book details the military systems of Sweden and Muscovy and explains the development of the Swedish Army before Gustavus Adolphus used it with great success in the Thirty Years’ War.

About The Author

Professor Michael Fredholm von Essen is an historian and former military analyst who has published extensively on the history, defence strategies, security policies, and energy sector developments of Eurasia. He currently is the Head of Research and Development at IRI, an independent research institute. Educated at Uppsala, Stockholm, and Lund Universities, Michael Fredholm von Essen has lectured, including during conferences and as visiting professor, at numerous institutions and universities around the world. He is the author of a large number of books, articles, and academic papers, including Muscovy’s Soldiers: The Emergence of the Russian Army, 1462-1689 (Helion, 2018); Charles XI’s War: The Scanian War between Sweden and Denmark, 1675-1679 (Helion, 2018); Transnational Organized Crime and Jihadist Terrorism: Russian-Speaking Networks in Western Europe (Routledge, 2017); Understanding Lone Actor Terrorism: Past Experience, Future Outlook, and Response Strategies (Routledge, 2016); Afghanistan Beyond the Fog of War: Persistent Failure of a Rentier State (NIAS, 2018); Eight Banners and Green Flag: The Army of the Manchu Empire and Qing China, 1600-1850 (Pike and Shot Society, 2009); and a large number of articles on early modern warfare in the Arquebusier, the journal of the Pike and Shot Society.

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