The Battle of Majuba Hill

The Transvaal Campaign, 1880–1881

John Laband

 
Date Published :
February 2018
Publisher :
Helion and Company
Language:
English
Series :
Warfare in the Victorian Age
Illustration :
1 colour photo, 1 colour ill, 35 b/w photos, 14 b/w ills, 6 maps
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Paperback
ISBN : 9781911512387
Pages : 152
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In stock
$39.95

Overview
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The ignominious rout of a British force at the battle of Majuba on 27 February 1881 and the death of its commander, Major General Sir George Pomeroy-Colley, was the culminating British disaster in the humiliating Transvaal campaign of 1880–1881 in South Africa. For the victorious Boers who were rebelling against the British annexation of their republic in 1877, Majuba became the symbol of Afrikaner resistance against British imperialism. On the flip side, Majuba gave the late Victorian British army its first staggering experience of modern warfare and signalled the need for it to reassess its training and tactics. Based on both British and Boer archival and contemporary sources, this balanced and fresh appraisal of Majuba situates it in the closely interlocked operational and political contexts of the Transvaal campaign. It analyses the contrasting military organizations and cultures of the two sides and clarifies how a Boer citizen militia with no formal training, but that handled modern small arms with lethal effect and expertly employed fire and movement tactics, was able to defeat professional—but hidebound—British soldiers. The book explains how a British field commander, such as Colley, already subject to the factional politics of command, also found his conduct of military operations subject to the close supervision of his superiors in London at the other end of the telegraph wire. His strategic objective was to break through the Boer positions holding the passes between the colony of Natal and Transvaal and to relieve the scattered British garrisons blockaded by the Boers. However, his defeats at Laing’s Nek on 28 January and at Ingogo on 8 February alarmed the British government already concerned that the war was stirring up dangerous anti-British Afrikaner nationalism across South Africa. It instructed Colley to cease operations and open peace negations with the Boers. But the general, a highly talented staff officer holding his first independent command, was determined to retrieve his tattered military reputation. He side-stepped his orders and, in an attempt to outflank the Boer positions and win the war at a stroke, seized Majuba with disastrous consequences. Although British reinforcements were now pouring in and the suppression of the Boer rebellion still seemed feasible, Majuba was the last straw for the British government. To the disgust of the military who burned to expunge the shame of Majuba with a resounding victory, the politicians insisted on restoring the Transvaal Boers their independence

About The Author
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Dr John Laband is a Professor Emeritus of History, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada; a Life Member of Clare Hall, University of Cambridge, England; a Fellow of the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa; a Research Associate in the Department of History, Stellenbosch University, South Africa; and an Adjunct Associate of the Laurier Centre for Military Strategic and Disarmament Studies, Canada. He is the author, co-author or editor of over twenty books on warfare and military culture in Africa, specializing in the Zulu kingdom and in nineteenth-century colonial conflicts in southern Africa. His most recent book is Zulu Warriors: The Battle for the South African Frontier, published by Yale University Press in 2014. Now living in the village of Greyton in the Western Cape, South Africa, he is currently the co-editor of The History of Military Occupation series for the University of Illinois Press, United States; and is a member of the editorial boards of the Journal of African Military History, and of Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies.

REVIEWS
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"The painting that adorns the front cover is simply breathtaking, and the contents of the book compare significantly to accounts of the defence of Rorke's Drift. A glorious slice of Victorian military history, brilliantly told.”

- Books Monthly

"This is a fascinating book and I recommend it to anyone with an interest in the British Empire or the history of the British Army. It explains simply why soldiers do (and do not) fight and is an excellent read. 4.5 stars.”

- Army Rumour Service

"Thoroughly researched…with well-written text, useful photographs, and four excellent maps…A thoroughly professional volume, with the promise of more to come.”

- Battle of Majuba Hill

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