The Campaigns for Vicksburg, 1862-63

Leadership Lessons

Kevin J. Dougherty

The human drama of Vicksburg involved such traits as persistence, hesitation, raw courage, self-confidence, and over-reliance—all with a great prize at stake. This study of many of the Civil War's most famous commanders who vied for the Rebel "Gibraltar on the Mississippi” reveals combat on a wide scale, but more importantly lessons on decision-mak
Date Published :
October 2011
Publisher :
Illustration :
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Binding. : Hardback
ISBN : 9781612000039
Pages : 256
Dimensions : 9 X 6 inches
Stock Status : In stock
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Long relegated to a secondary position behind Gettysburg, Vicksburg has more recently earned consideration by historians as the truly decisive battle of the Civil War. Indeed, Vicksburg is fascinating on many levels. A focal point of both western armies, the Federal campaign of maneuver that finally isolated the Confederates in the city was masterful. The Navy’s contribution to the Federal victory was significant. The science of the fortifications and siege tactics are rich in detail. The human drama of Vicksburg’s beleaguered civilian population is compelling, and the Confederate cavalry dashes that first denied the Union victory were thrilling. But perhaps more than any other factor, the key to the Federal victory at Vicksburg was simply better leadership. It is this aspect of the campaign that Leadership Lessons: The Campaigns for Vicksburg, 1862–1863 seeks to explore.

The first section of this book familiarizes the reader with the challenges, characteristics, and styles associated with leadership during the Civil War in general. It also outlines the Vicksburg Campaign by explaining the strategic significance of the Mississippi River and Vicksburg, detailing the opposing forces and the terrain, discussing the failed attempts to capture Vicksburg over the winter of 1862–63, and tracing the brilliant campaign of maneuver and logistics that allowed Grant to ultimately lay siege and win a Federal victory. The second section of the book contains 30 “leadership vignettes” that span the actions of the most senior leaders down to those of individual soldiers. Each vignette focuses the campaign overview to the specific situation in order to provide appropriate context, explains the action in terms of leadership lessons learned, and concludes with a short list of “take-aways” to crystallize the lessons for the reader.

The human drama of Vicksburg involved such traits as daring, persistence, hesitation, raw courage, vascillation, self-confidence, and over-reliance—all with a great prize at stake. This study of many of the Civil War’s most famous commanders who vied for the Rebel “Gibraltar on the Mississippi” reveals combat on a wide scale, but more importantly lessons on decision-making that still apply to this day.

Kevin Dougherty, a career Army officer and more recently a university history instructor and tactical officer at the Citadel, is the author of six previous books on the Civil War.

About The Author

Kevin Dougherty is a retired U.S. Army lieutenant colonel. Formerly a faculty member in the History Department at the University of Southern Mississippi, he is currently a Tactical Officer at Citadel in Charleston, South Carolina.



Leadership During the Civil War
Vicksburg Campaign Overview

1 — The Mighty Mississippi: Winfield Scott and Strategic Vision
2 — The Battle of Corinth: Ulysses Grant and Creating the Necessary Conditions
3 — Set Up to Fail: The Confederate Departmental System and Strategic Organization
4 — The Wrong Man for the Job: John Pemberton and the Peter Principle
5 — The Confederate Conflict: John Pemberton and Poor Relations with Subordinates
6 — The Federal Team: Ulysses Grant and Positive Relations with Subordinates
7 — Chickasaw Bayou: William Sherman and Knowing When to Quit
8 — The Self-Made Man and the Reinvented Man: The Raids of Forrest and Van Dorn
9 — Other Failed Attempts: Ulysses Grant and Perseverance
10 — A Close Call for the Federals: Charles Dana and Dealing with Weakness
11 — Asymmetric Warfare: Zedekiah McDaniel, Francis Ewing, and Innovation
12 — Running the Gauntlet: Ulysses Grant, David Porter, and Unity of Effort
13 — Helping Run the Gauntlet: William Sherman and Playing a Supporting Role
14 — The Battle of Port Gibson: John Bowen and Technical Competence
15 — “Cutting Loose”: Ulysses Grant and Taking Risk
16 — Confederate Confusion: John Pemberton and Frame of Reference
17 — Grant Heads Northeast: Ulysses Grant and Clear Communication
18 — The Battle of Raymond: John Gregg and Understanding the Situation
19 — The Battle of Jackson: Joseph Johnston and Pessimism
20 — The Battle of Champion Hill: Ulysses Grant and Personal Presence
21 — Retreat from Champion Hill: Lloyd Tilghman and Personal Sacrifice
22 — Assault on Vicksburg: Thomas Higgins and Heroic Leadership
23 — Problem Removed: John McClernand and Destructive Ambition
24 — Siege Warfare: Henry Foster and Problem Solving
25 — The Federal Mine: John Logan and Initiative
26 — Surrender and Parole: Ulysses Grant and Pragmatism
27 — Little Help from Above: Jefferson Davis and Strategic Direction
28 — A Decisive Victory: Abraham Lincoln and Admitting When You’re Wrong
29 — The Meridian Campaign: William Sherman and Creating Opportunity
30 — A Tragic Hero: John Pemberton and Selfless Service

Conclusions about Leadership During the Vicksburg Campaign
Appendix: Vicksburg Campaign Order of Battle


“… written in a clear and lucid style… definitely about Leadership.  And therefore I would recommend it as such; the fact that the lessons are based on a fascinating part of a well known conflict is a bonus to those of us whose interests span the fields of military issue and personal self improvement!”

- Wargamer

“Dougherty offers a thorough campaign history, a basic background to Civil War era military structure, and 30 instructional leadership vignettes. This not only familiarizes readers with the ‘brilliant campaign of maneuver,’ but also highlights the campaign’s many leadership lessons. . . . By presenting the Vicksburg Campaign in concise accounts and incorporating useful takeaways, Dougherty’s work offers a clear decision-making guide and campaign history.”

- Military Review

“…far exceeds any other summary of similar length… well-written and useful to a wide variety of readers… cadets and midshipmen will garner a number of ideas and techniques to add to their own leadership toolboxes.”

- Civil War Book Review

“Five stars plus!.. a valuable addition to the study of leadership and Vicksburg. It would be an excellent study for business leaders as well as the professional officer and soldier. I recommend its addition to the personal library of all students of military science. My hope is it would be included in the reading lists of the officer basic or advanced courses. As in "Leadership Secrets of Attila the Hun", the lessons presented in "The Campaigns for Vicksburg, 1862-63: Leadership Lessons" are timeless.”

- Kepler’s Military History

“…a splendid example of how military history manages to appeal to a broad audience and reach across the boundaries of traditional fields of interest…”

- The Historian

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