The Forts and Fortifications of Europe 1815-1945: The Central States

Germany, Austria-Hungary and Czechoslovakia

H.W. Kaufmann, J.E. Kaufmann

 
Date Published :
October 2014
Publisher :
Pen and Sword
Language:
English
Illustration :
150 illustrations
Format Available    QuantityPrice
Hardback
ISBN : 9781848848061
Pages : 256
Dimensions : 9 X 6.75 inches
-
+
In stock
$50.00

Overview
-

After the Napoleonic Wars the borders of Central Europe were redrawn and relative peace endured across the region, but the volatile politics of the late nineteenth century generated an atmosphere of fear and distrust, and it gave rise to a new era of fortress building, and this is the subject of this highly illustrated new study. The authors describe how defensive lines and structures on a massive scale were constructed along national frontiers to deter aggression. The Germans, Austro-Hungarians and Czechs all embarked on ambitious building programs. Artillery positions, barbed-wire networks, casemates, concrete bunkers, trench lines, observation posts all sprang up in a vain attempt to keep the peace and to delay the invader. The strategic thinking that gave rise to these defensive schemes is described in detail in this study, as is the planning, design and construction of the lines themselves. Their operational history in wartime, in particular during the Second World War, is a key element of the account.

About The Author
-

H W Kaufmann, PhD, is a retired professor, and they live in the United States. Their most recent books on fortifications are The Maginot Line, The Atlantic Wall, The Forts and Fortifications of Europe 1815-1945: The Central States and The Forts and Fortifications of Europe 1815-1945: The Neutral States.

J.E. Kaufmann is a retired teacher and presently an adjunct professor at Palo Alto Jr. College.

More from this publisher