T.A. Heathcote’s study of the conflicts that established British rule in South Asia, and of the military’s position in the constitution of British India, is a classic work in the field. By placing these conflicts clearly in their local context, his account moves away from the Euro-centric approach of many writers on British imperial military history. It provides a greater understanding not only of the history of the British Indian Army but also of the Indian experience, which had such a formative effect on the British Army itself. This new edition has been fully revised and given appropriate illustrations.